Trees and vegetation: Managing rights-of-way
For safety and reliability reasons, Wisconsin law requires ATC to eliminate natural hazards – such as trees and other vegetation – that can interfere with electric transmission lines. Trees can cause interruptions in electric service if they grow into or fall on the lines. In fact, the 2003 eastern U.S. blackout was initially caused by power line contact with overgrown trees. Therefore, transmission rights-of-way must be clear of trees and brush to help ensure reliable operation and access to facilities for maintenance or repair.
Right-of-way maintenance is conducted regularly
Right-of-way maintenance is conducted regularly according to the easements rights for a particular property or parcel. Trees and brush outside the edge of the right-of-way may remain, but any vegetation within the right-of-way and where easements rights allow, may be cleared during regular maintenance activities. Beyond the edges of the right-of-way, large trees that are weak, diseased or leaning and that pose a threat to electric lines and structures, are removed or pruned to reduce the risk to the lines. With landowner consent, vegetation that is likely to re-sprout after cutting may be chemically treated to inhibit further re-growth. ATC uses only qualified applicators using low-toxicity U.S. EPA registered herbicides.
Invasive species are removed
While not directly interfering with our transmission wires, the dense growth of invasive plants severely limits our access to our equipment. By clearing this vegetation, we are better able to inspect and maintain our facilities and expose fast-growing tall trees that may be hidden from site. The practice of removing invasive plants is consistent with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources initiative to remove invasive plants. The most common invasive plants found along our rights-of-way are predominately a combination of buckthorn and exotic honeysuckles. Both of these plants are considered invasive and they tend to choke out plants that are native to Wisconsin because of their longer growing seasons and the drain on soil nutrients and water. Removing these invasive plant species from transmission corridors allows low-growing native vegetation in the area to quickly re-establish in and improves biodiversity along the right-of-way. Protecting native vegetation from invasive species provides better habitat for birds and other animals and improves the ecological balance in the vicinity of the right-of-way.
We will review your landscape plans
ATC strongly discourages planting anything on a transmission right-of-way regardless of the size. If you have an easement with ATC and have questions about planting near the edge of the right-of-way, please talk with us first so that we can advise you on appropriate plant species or easement rights. Ultimately, the easement agreement and ATC govern what trees and vegetation, if any, are suitable in and around the right-of-way. For a review of your plans, contact our Real Estate Department, 866-899-3204.
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