Structures and facilities
There are many different types of transmission line structures (towers, poles) used throughout ATC’s service area. Learn about the wires and circuits.
We use both wood and steel structures depending on the conditions of the land and surrounding areas, the height needed for the poles, the price of steel and other factors, such as:
- electrical capacity and voltage of the transmission line
- physical electrical clearances
- environmental impact
About the wires
The wires (conductors) used in large transmission lines are mainly aluminum. Aluminum costs less and is lighter than copper, which was primarily used until the 1950′s. A single-circuit transmission line will have three wires (conductors); a double-circuit line will have six wires. An additional wire (or two), called a shield wire is connected directly to the transmission line towers at the top to protect the main conductors (wires) from a direct lightning strike. If lightning strikes it will hit the shield wires rather than the conductors. If lightning were to strike the main conductors, a short circuit to the ground may occur, which could cause a momentary power outage that may not even be noticed by the general public.
Transmission lines are connected to the towers by insulators that are usually made of porcelain. They must be strong enough to support the weight of the transmission lines while preventing a contact between the wires and the tower. Contact between the two would cause a short circuit and disrupt supply.